Consultation of a urologist in Ternopil
The branch of medicine that deals with the study of functioning and treatment of urinary and reproductive systems diseases is called urology. Urologists are mistakenly considered exclusively male doctors, but this is wrong. Both men and women need the services of such a specialist. Urologist’sinterests include diseases of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, urinary canal (urethra), as well as pathologies of the prostate gland, men’s internal and external genital organs.
When should you see a urologist?
Any discomfort associated with the work of the genitourinary system signals that it is time visit a urologist. A timely visit to the doctor will help to stop the disease in time and prevent complications.
Reasons to book a consultation with a urologist:
- pain during urination;
- urinary incontinence;
- blood or purulent impurities in the urine;
- change in the colour and amount of urine;
- pain in the lower abdomen;
- burning, pain, cramps in the perineum, lumbar region or appendages (for women);
- problems with erection and ejaculation (for men);
- discharge from the urethra;
- external changes in the genital organs;
- problems with conceiving a child.
Men should also consult a urologist during the planning of a child period.
In addition, regular preventive examinations of men’s genitourinary system are no less important than visits to a gynaecologist for women: at least once a year.
Diagnosis and treatment of urological diseases
The activity of a urologist is associated with the diagnosis and treatment of such pathologies:
- kidney disease (kidney stone disease, pyelonephritis, etc.);
- diseases of the urinary tract and bladder (urethritis, cystitis, urinary incontinence, etc.);
- infectious diseases, sexually transmitted (herpes, chlamydia, ureaplasmosis);
- diseases of the men’s reproductive system (infertility, erectile dysfunction, balanoposthitis, phimosis, dropsy, varicocele, prostatitis, prostate adenoma, condyloma brenus, orchitis, epididymitis, etc.);
- men’s endocrine diseases;
- prolapse of the women’s internal organs of the pelvis (uterus, urethra or rectum);
- oncology of the genitourinary system.
After a doctor listens to a patient's complaints and collects information about his lifestyle, previous diseases and other features of the body, he will conduct a visual examination; for men, a rectal examination of the prostate is also provided. In case of urological problems, this is not enough to make a diagnosis, so the specialist will prescribe a number of clinical tests, among which, in addition to laboratory blood and urine tests, bacteriological culture of urine, there may be smears of prostate secretion and spermogram (for men). It may also be advisable to prescribe an ultrasound of the abdominal organs, kidneys and external genital organs.
Another common male problem is an elevated level of prostate-specific antigen (PSA). Sometimes this is a serious signal for urgent action, since we can talk about an oncological disease. Sometimes it is just a deviation from the norm, which requires medical supervision. Therefore, an examination to determine the level of PSA is also included in the diagnosis of men’s urological diseases.
For additional examination of the bladder in urology, a modern and effective diagnostic method is used. It is called cystoscopy. This procedure is an endoscopic examination of the urethra using a cystoscope, a special flexible device with a camera. It allows identifying pathologies that are not visible on ultrasound.
If prostate cancer is suspected, a prostate biopsy is prescribed. It is the most informative diagnostic procedure performed after an analysis of the PSA level, a rectal examination, and an ultrasound. The essence of the biopsy is the removal of tissue samples in several places of the prostate and their further histological analysis, which allows confirming or refuting the suspicion of cancer. The biopsy is safe for health and has no complications.
Based on the results of all examinations, the urologist will draw up an individual treatment plan for the patient. It may include:
- drug treatment;
- surgical intervention (plastic frenulum, circumcision of the foreskin in case of phimosis, removal of papillomas, stones in the kidneys and urethra, varicoceectomy, etc.).
To eliminate acute symptoms and complex pathologies, an integrated approach is mostly used with a combination of various methods of treatment. The complexity of urological diseases is connected with the fact that in some cases it is rather difficult to solve the problem ‘here and now’. Sometimes the patient's condition requires hospitalization. In order not to have such problems, it is extremely important to contact a urologist if any symptoms appear.
The best urologists in Ternopil are in Viasan
Viasan Medical Centre in Ternopil does everything so that shyness and discomfort, usually experienced by patients before a visit to a urologist, remain outside the door of our institution. After all, it is so important when the body fails to trust those who take upon themselves the solution of these problems.
That is why the team of the medical centre has rallied experienced specialists in the field of urology, who professionally and humanely approach any problem of their patients.
Viasan is equipped with modern diagnostic devices for the fastest and most accurate diagnosis. The qualification of the doctors of the medical centre allows everyone to choose effective treatment and preventive measures.