Glaucoma treatment in Ternopil
Glaucoma is the name of a group of diseases that are characterized by a deterioration or blockage of the intraocular fluid outflow, an increase in intraocular pressure, which leads to the optic nerve damage. Glaucoma usually progresses painlessly, and sometimes imperceptibly, but if it is not treated in time, the patient can become permanently blind, as due to the atrophy of the optic nerve, visual signals will stop reaching the brain.
Symptoms of glaucoma development:
- deterioration of visual acuity, which is difficult to correct with glasses;
- reduced boundaries of the visual field;
- blurred vision;
- the appearance of iridescent spots or circles around light objects;
- a feeling of discomfort in one or both eyes.
An acute attack of glaucoma is characterised by:
- eye pain, which is accompanied by a headache spreading to the temple or forehead;
- frequent nausea and vomiting;
- a sharp vision decrease.
It is also worth contacting a doctor when close relatives have suffered from glaucoma: the predisposition to the disease can be hereditary.
Glaucoma treatment in Ternopil
The main task in the fight against glaucoma is the normalization of intraocular pressure. Modern medicine uses the following directions of glaucoma treatment:
The choice of method depends on the results of the diagnosis, the form and stage of the disease, the presence of concomitant pathologies.
A conservative method of treatment can be prescribed at an early stage of the disease. However, it is not always effective, often the situation requires laser or surgical intervention.
Laser treatment of glaucoma
Treatment methods using a laser are characterized by speed, high efficiency, and painlessness for the patient, low trauma, and the absence of postoperative complications. The procedures are performed on an outpatient basis and do not require the patient to stay in a hospital.
Iridotomy is a laser technique that involves the creation of a tiny hole with the help of a laser, which should contribute to the additional outflow of intraocular fluid.
Trabeculoplasty is another laser method that is considered to be the standard in glaucoma treatment. It is performed under local anaesthesia. Its essence consists in the effect of a laser beam on the drainage area of the eye and the expansion of some segments. As a result, the outflow of intraocular fluid improves, and the IOP decreases.
Surgical treatment of glaucoma
Surgical intervention in the treatment of glaucoma, unfortunately, cannot be avoided if the disease is detected at a late stage. The recovery period after surgery is several days.
Non-penetrating deep sclerotomy is a surgery that does not require dissection of the eyeball. During the procedure, the ophthalmic surgeon creates a valve in the outer membrane of the eye through which the outflow of intraocular fluid is ensured.
In complex stages of glaucoma, implantation is used. It is about the implantation of the Ahmed valve or the special EX-PRESS Alcon device. The latter is considered to be the most modern and progressive method of treating this disease in the world.
Glaucoma treatment at Viasan Medical Centre
At the Viasan Medical Centre in Ternopil, experienced specialists who are professionals in the field of ophthalmology treat glaucoma. For maximum diagnostic accuracy, a special office is equipped with devices for any necessary examinations. Thorough consultations, an individual treatment scheme, selection of the optimal method of intervention – everything at the Viasan Medical Centre works for maximum efficiency for each patient.