Consultation of an ophthalmologist in Ternopil
Ophthalmology is a branch of medicine that studies the anatomy and physiology of the organs of vision, their diseases and methods of treatment and prevention. In the everyday speech, an ophthalmologist is also called an oculist.
When should you consult an ophthalmologist?
It is necessary to visit an oculist regularly (once a year until the age of 40 and twice a year after reaching this age) to prevent diseases of the organs of vision. Many of these diseases arise precisely because of neglect of hygiene, long-term stress on the eyes; however, some may be associated with age-related changes. Patients with hypertension and diabetes need examinations that are more frequent. Preventive consultations of an oculist will help to preserve vision and in some cases even prevent its loss.
Symptoms for a mandatory visit to an ophthalmologist are:
- impaired vision or colour recognition;
- reducing of the image brightness;
- pain from light;
- burning, irritation, itching, feeling of dryness in the eyes;
- ‘flies’, flickering, flashes, ‘rainbow’ in the eyes;
- purulent discharge from the eyes;
- foreign body in the eye;
- eye injury.
Diagnosis of ophthalmic diseases
During the consultation, the ophthalmologist conducts a comprehensive examination of the visual apparatus, assesses its condition. If necessary, the doctor makes an individual selection of glasses and soft contact lenses.
Additional tests may be ordered.
Measurement of intraocular pressure, or tonometry, is an examination that makes it possible to diagnose glaucoma in the early stages.
Static perimetry is a method that makes it possible to determine the light sensitivity of certain areas of the retina and is characterized by special accuracy in detecting visual field defects. This examination is prescribed for diseases of the optic nerve and retina. It is performed for 15 minutes for each eye, does not require anaesthesia and does not cause unpleasant sensations, but it requires preliminary preparation and high concentration of attention from the patient.
Optical coherence tomography with angiography is a non-contact examination of the central part of the retina and optic nerves, which makes it possible to quantitatively assess anatomical indicators in various structures of the eye and detect early disorders.
Treatment of ophthalmic diseases
After making the diagnosis, the oculist is determined with the treatment. Ophthalmologists have to deal with the following diseases:
- blepharitis, chalazion, inversion or vertigo of the eyelids, etc.;
- opacification of the cornea, keratitis;
- inflammation or atrophy of the optic nerve;
- acute blood circulation disorders of the retina and optic nerves;
- diabetic retinopathy;
- retinal detachment, dystrophy, oedema.
It can be a conservative treatment of eye diseases, which is usually prescribed for injuries, inflammations, infectious diseases. It consists in the use of medicines: eye drops and ointments, pills.
The apparatus method is prescribed in case of detection of visual defects. Apparatus treatment of vision for children makes it possible to correct many pathologies of the visual apparatus at an early age.
In more complex cases, surgical intervention is necessary. For example, surgical treatment of cataract is the only fully rehabilitative operation that enables the restoration of vision by replacing the lens. Modern surgical methods make it possible to operate on cataracts quickly, safely, minimally traumatically and without the need for hospitalization.
Surgical treatment of glaucoma can occur in several ways: with the help of a laser or drainage surgery. The doctor, taking into account the form of the disease and the stage of the process, will determine more effective treatment in each specific case.
There are also methods related to plastic surgery. For example, eyelid reconstructive surgery, or blepharoplasty, is the removal of excess eyelid skin.
Why should you choose an ophthalmologist at Viasan Medical Centre?
The ophthalmology department of the Viasan Medical Centre in Ternopil has the most modern and accurate diagnostic equipment for the examination of the visual apparatus. Experienced ophthalmologists conduct consultations. Thus, the visit to the ophthalmologist will be as comfortable, painless and informative as possible for both young and adult Viasan patients. After all, the doctor will clearly explain the results of the study, the specifics of the prescribed treatment and, with his recommendations, will help to avoid complications of the disease in future.