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Treatment of retinal diseases

Treatment of retinal diseases in Ternopil

The retina is the inner membrane of the eye, which converts light streams into nerve stimulation, processes the visual signal and transmits it in the form of nerve impulses to the optic nerve, which sends it to the corresponding centres of the brain. The latter deciphers these impulses and forms an image that a person ultimately sees. Diseases of the retina can lead to partial or complete blindness of a person.

Retinal disease

Most often, diseases of the retina occur against the background of other changes in the body. Usually, problems begin when, for various reasons, the blood supply and trophism of the retina are disturbed. So the factors that lead to damage to the retina can be:

  • childbirth injuries;
  • contusions or injuries;
  • chronic diseases (hypertension, atherosclerosis, diabetes, inflammation of the meninges, etc.);
  • state after operations;
  • strong stress;
  • congenital pathology of the retina;
  • existing eye diseases (uveitis, farsightedness, myopia and others).

The most common diseases of the retina are the following:

  • peripheral and central degenerations;
  • age-related macular dystrophy;
  • angiopathy;
  • detachment of the retina;
  • retinopathy;
  • retinitis;
  • rupture of the retina;
  • diabetic retinopathy;
  • thrombosis of retinal vessels.

The doctor detects possible changes in the state of the retina during a comprehensive examination, after which he prescribes additional diagnostics. It can be laser optical scanning or optical coherence tomography (OCT) or retinal angiography. The earlier the disease is detected, the more chances the patient has to maintain healthy vision parameters.

Modern methods of retinal diseases treatment 

The chosen method of treatment depends on the stage of retinal diseases. In the early stages of the disease, conservative (medicinal) methods can be effective. According to the results of many studies, nutrients, foods rich in vitamins A, C, E, which help prevent eye diseases, show high efficiency at these stages. It is also worth paying attention to preparations containing carotenoids and macular pigments.

In advanced stages or with a sharp loss of vision, intravitreal administration of drugs directly into the cavity of the vitreous body is used. This method makes it possible to obtain the maximum concentration of the active substance in the area of ​​the pathological process, providing highly effective, targeted medicinal therapy.

Cases that are more complex require laser treatment or surgical intervention.

Effective methods of treatment using a laser include the following:

  • panretinal laser coagulation of the retina;
  • focal limiting laser coagulation of the retina;
  • peripheral prophylactic retinal laser coagulation (PPRLC).

Treatment with these methods is carried out on an outpatient basis, does not require special pre-operative preparation of the patient, his stay in the hospital. The patient returns home on the day of the surgery, and recovery after it actually does not affect his ability to work. Most of the laser interventions can be performed on the day of consultation or final diagnosis.

Surgical methods are used when medical and laser treatment are ineffective, usually in severe forms of retinal diseases or retinal detachment. There are several types of surgical operations on the retina:

  • pneumatic retinopexy;
  • episcleral sealing;
  • vitrectomy.

Treatment of the retinal diseases at the Viasan Medical Centre

Viasan Medical Centre in Ternopil offers a full range of medical services in the treatment of retinal diseases. Patients are treated by experienced specialists who have a large number of successful surgeries and examples of saved vision. In their work, the doctors of the Viasan Medical Centre are guided by both years of experience in the field and the latest innovations in global ophthalmology, while using modern equipment for diagnosis and treatment.